सर्वोच्च अदालत नेपाल Supreme Court of Nepal Kathmandu Nepal (2023)

Last updated Dec 28, 2022 | Information | 0 |

The Supreme Court of Nepal (सर्वोच्च अदालत) is the highest court in Nepal and is the final court of appeal. Established in 1992 in accordance with the Constitution of Nepal, it is based in Kathmandu and comprises a Chief Justice and twenty other Judges. The court’s jurisdiction covers all civil, criminal, and constitutional matters. It has both original and appellate jurisdiction; it can hear appeals from lower courts as well as review decisions made by lower courts. It also hears cases related to elections, public interest litigation, election disputes, appointments to offices, writs, habeas corpus petitions, mandamus orders, prohibition orders and certiorari orders. The Supreme Court has an advisory role on constitutional matters referred to it by the government or any other authority. Its decisions are binding on all other courts in Nepal.

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Supreme court of Nepal has a mobile app also.

सर्वोच्च अदालत नेपाल Supreme Court of Nepal Kathmandu Nepal (1)

Supreme Court of Nepal Judges/Members

The Supreme Court of Nepal is the highest court in the country and is presided over by a Chief Justice. It is the ultimate judicial authority that can adjudicate any legal dispute in Nepal, and its decisions are binding upon all other courts in the country. The Supreme Court consists of twenty-one justices, including the Chief Justice, who are appointed by the Government of Nepal. Currently, there are 16 judges (including the Acting Chief Justice). The Supreme Court has jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases within the territory of Nepal, as well as appeals from lower courts. Furthermore, it hears constitutional disputes between different organs of government and reviews laws passed by Parliament for their constitutionality. Given its immense power and prestige, it is essential that all judges of the Supreme Court of Nepal be highly qualified persons possessing extensive knowledge of law.

How many Supreme Courts are there in Nepal?

There is only one Supreme Court in Nepal. It is located in the capital city of Kathmandu and is the highest court of justice in the country. The Supreme Court of Nepal consists of a Chief Justice and two other justices who are appointed by the President with the advice of the Prime Minister. The Supreme Court has jurisdiction over all civil and criminal laws and its decisions are binding on all lower courts. It also has appellate jurisdiction over matters arising from judgments and orders of the High Courts, or any other court or tribunal below it. In addition, it can hear appeals from decisions, orders or sentences passed by any authority or person exercising judicial functions, as well as matters related to contempt of court. The Supreme Court also holds original jurisdiction over certain matters, including disputes between two or more governments, protecting fundamental rights enshrined in the Constitution, etc.

(Video) Moot Court in Nepali || अदालती अभ्यास || Mooting || Moot Court in Law Education Festival 2019

What are the three types of courts in Nepal?

Nepal is a democratic country with a well-developed legal system. The court system of Nepal consists of three different types: Supreme Court, High Court and District Court. The Supreme Court is the highest judicial authority in Nepal and is responsible for protecting the fundamental rights of citizens as well as settling disputes between state governments. The High Courts are located in each divisional headquarters within the country and are responsible for hearing appeals from the lower courts such as District Courts. Lastly, the District Courts are located at district level and handle criminal cases, civil suits, family matters and other issues related to local communities. These courts have jurisdiction over local areas and decide on matters like inheritance, marriage registration, divorce, land disputes etc. All these courts play an important role in providing justice to people living in Nepal and ensuring that their rights are protected according to law.

Who is the head of the Supreme Court in Nepal?

The head of the Supreme Court in Nepal is Hari Krishna Karki (Acting Chief Justice). He is a Nepalese law practitioner and was appointed as the Chief Justice on 13 December 2022 by President Bidhya Devi Bhandari. He has previously worked in various positions at the Supreme Court. He worked as an Attorney General at the Office of the Attorney General, a lawyer at the Supreme Court of Nepal, and a Legal Adviser at Civil bank Limited, District Development Board, Lalitpur and Nepal airlines Corporation. He is one of the most respected members of the legal fraternity in Nepal and is highly regarded for his impartiality, diligence and integrity.

What is Supreme Court called in Nepali?

In Nepal, the Supreme Court is known as ‘Sarbochha Adalat’. It is the highest court of justice in the country. The Supreme Court consists of a Chief Justice and other judges appointed by the President of Nepal. It hears appeals from lower courts, constitutional disputes between different bodies, cases of public interest, and any legal matter that requires special attention. The decisions made by this court are binding on all other courts in Nepal. The court also has original jurisdiction in certain matters including writs issued with respect to fundamental rights, contempt of court, and civil or criminal cases involving senior government officials. The Supreme Court has played an important role in protecting human rights and upholding justice throughout the country since its establishment on 21st May 1956.

How to see supreme court of Nepal daily cause list

It is quite simple if you want to view the daily cause list of the Supreme Court of Nepal. All you need to do is go to the official website of the Supreme Court. There, you will find a tab labeled ‘Daily Cause List’ or ‘दैनिक पेसी सूची’ and when you click on that tab, it will take you to the page where all the current cause lists are available. You can select any of these lists according to your preference and view its contents. Each list contains information about upcoming cases as well as details about previous hearings. This information can be used for legal research or simply to keep up with Nepal’s current court proceedings. You can also download these lists if required.

(Video) सर्वोच्च भित्र वकिल र प्रहरी ठेलाठेल || Supreme Court of Nepal ||


सर्वोच्च अदालत नेपाल Supreme Court of Nepal Kathmandu Nepal (2)

How to see Supreme court of Nepal weekly cause list

Seeing the Supreme Court of Nepal weekly cause list is easy. First, go to the Supreme Court of Nepal website at www.supremecourt.gov.np and click on “Weekly Cause List” on the right side of the page. This will bring you to a page where you can select either a date or case type to view the weekly cause list. Once you have selected your desired date or case type, simply click “View”, and the weekly cause list will appear on screen with all relevant details pertaining to each court hearing listed. You can also print this off directly from your browser if needed. Additionally, if there are any changes to hearing dates or times, these will be reflected in this document as well. To stay up-to-date with all Supreme Court proceedings, it is recommended to check the Weekly Cause List regularly for any schedule updates or changes.


(Video) Case registration process District, High, Supreme Court Nepal जिल्ला,उच्च सर्वोच्च दर्ता कसरीगर्ने

(Video) नेपाल की सर्वोच्च अदालत खतरे में | Nepal's Supreme Court Dispute Explain | Jai Nepal


How many judges are there in Supreme Court in Nepal? ›

This is a list of judges of the Supreme Court of Nepal, the highest court in Nepal. The list is ordered according to seniority. There are currently 16 judges (including the Acting Chief Justice) and maximum possible strength is 21. As per the Constitution of Nepal, judges of the Supreme Court retire aged 65.

What is the meaning of Supreme Court in Nepal? ›

The Supreme Court of Nepal (Nepali: सर्वोच्च अदालत) is the highest court in Nepal. It has appellate jurisdiction over decisions of the seven High Courts (including eleven Benches of the High Courts) and extraordinary original jurisdiction. The court consists of twenty Justices and one Chief Justice.

What is the power of Supreme Court in Nepal? ›

The Supreme Court has both judicial and extra judicial powers. Under the extra-ordinary jurisdiction, the Supreme Court may issue appropriate orders and writs including the writs of habeas corpus, mandamus, certiorari, prohibition, and quo warranto [Art. 133 (3), the Constitution of Nepal, 2015].

Who is the Supreme Court judge in Nepal? ›


The current acting Chief Justice is Hari Krishna Karki, who took over the role on 13 December 2022.

What are the requirements for judge in Nepal? ›

Qualifications Required

He/she has to be a citizen of Nepal; 2. He/she has a bachelors degree in law; and 3. He/she has worked as a gazetted second class officer in judicial service for at least four years. Appellate Judge 1.

Who appointed Supreme Court judge in Nepal? ›

The Constitutional Council recommends for the appointment of the Chief Justice of Supreme Court and the President of Nepal appoints the Chief Justice. For other judges Judicial Council is a national mechanism for selecting, appointing, promoting, transferring, suspending or removing the judges in Nepal.

What is the court fee in Nepal? ›

23 Ten percent fee, Five percent fee and Jitauri: (1) Where Ten percent (Dashaud) fee is chargeable by the prevailing Nepal law in executing the recovery of the amount in question or foreclosure, no Ten percent fee shall be collected on a case charged with the court fee.

What are the 3 main powers of the Supreme Court? ›

Federal courts enjoy the sole power to interpret the law, determine the constitutionality of the law, and apply it to individual cases.

How many cases are pending in Nepal? ›

As many as 144,527 cases are awaiting verdicts in different courts of the country. According to the Annual Report of the Supreme Court for fiscal year 2020/21, a lion's share of these cases are with district courts. The report shows district courts have 91,186 pending cases.

What is the salary of judges in Nepal? ›

It said the government had fixed the monthly pay scale of district judges from 2023/24 fiscal at Rs 64,895 and a first-class civil servant's salary at Rs 70,038.

What is a supreme judge called? ›

Nine Justices make up the current Supreme Court: one Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices.

Who is the first female judge of Supreme Court of Nepal? ›

Sushila Karki (Nepali: सुशीला कार्की) (born 7 June 1952 in Biratnagar) is a Nepalese jurist. She is the former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Nepal and the only woman to have held the post.

How to file a case in court in Nepal? ›

  1. Filing of a Plaint / Firad Patra. The first step in starting a lawsuit is to file a plaint. ...
  2. A plaint includes.
  3. The Court's Name. ...
  4. Problem Framing. ...
  5. The Court's Jurisdiction. ...
  6. In the district of temporary residence. ...
  7. A lawsuit must be filed within the specified timeframe. ...
  8. Court Fees.
Jul 18, 2022

What happens in a Supreme Court case? ›

Typically, the Court hears cases that have been decided in either an appropriate U.S. Court of Appeals or the highest Court in a given state (if the state court decided a Constitutional issue). The Supreme Court has its own set of rules. According to these rules, four of the nine Justices must vote to accept a case.

How to file a case in Nepal? ›

  1. Call Phone number: 1111.
  2. Send SMS to 1111.
  3. Email to 1111@nepal.gov.np.
  4. Send fax to 1100.
  5. Complain by sending letter or in person.

What makes you qualified to be a judge? ›

You don't need a special license to become a judge. As long as you pass the bar exam and have experience practicing law in the state where you're seeking an appointment, you are qualified. But note that the specific requirements and qualifications for a judgeship vary from state to state.

What qualifications do most judges have? ›

Most judges have a law degree and prior experience working as a lawyer. A high school diploma, a college degree, and three years of law school are minimum requirements for a law degree.

Do you need to be a lawyer to be a judge in India? ›

The process of becoming a judge in India requires a bachelor's degree in law, seven years of legal practice, and passing the state judiciary exams. After serving as a judicial magistrate, candidates can apply for promotion to the higher judiciary with a salary ranging from Rs.

Who was the first PhD holder in Nepal? ›

Academic career

After completing his PhD, Gurung worked as a research fellow at the School of Oriental and African Studies in London, returning to Nepal in 1966 to take up a lecturing post at Tribhuvan University in Kathmandu. He was the first PhD holder in Nepal.

What is the court process in Nepal? ›

The Criminal Justice System of Nepal is following an Adversarial System. The adversarial system is a type of criminal justice system where the court role-plays as a referee between the prosecution and the defense. The Court only hears the case and gives its verdict as per laws and precedent.

Who is the head of the Supreme Court? ›

John G. Roberts, Jr., Chief Justice of the United States,

was born in Buffalo, New York, January 27, 1955.

Can wife claim husband property after divorce in Nepal? ›

Can wife claim husband property after divorce in Nepal? No, wife can't claim in property of husband after divorce. So article 99 of provision relating to divorce says that every husband and wife should do the partition before or throughout the process of the divorce between husband and wife.

How much money is required to do court marriage in Nepal? ›

For court marriage registration, the court charges a fee of NPR 500. This fee is paid at the bank, and the voucher is submitted with the application to the court.

What is the fee for civil in Nepal? ›

BE Civil Engineering Fees Structure
Civil Engineering CollegesApproximate Total course fees (NPR)
TU Constituent Campus2, 80,000/-
TU-affiliated private colleges10 Lakhs- 15 Lakhs
KU School of Engineering8 Lakhs
Pokhara University affiliated Colleges4 Lakhs to 6 Lakhs
2 more rows

Who can overturn a Supreme Court decision? ›

Court can declare a law unconstitutional; allowing Congress to override Supreme Court decisions; imposing new judicial ethics rules for Justices; and expanding transparency through means such as allowing video recordings of Supreme Court proceedings.

Does the Supreme Court have all the power? ›

First, as the highest court in the land, it is the court of last resort for those looking for justice. Second, due to its power of judicial review, it plays an essential role in ensuring that each branch of government recognizes the limits of its own power.

Can you remove a Supreme Court justice? ›

The Constitution states that Justices "shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour." This means that the Justices hold office as long as they choose and can only be removed from office by impeachment.

What happens if a person is blacklisted in Nepal? ›

If a bank or financial institution is placed on the Credit Information Bureau's blacklist, its services may be restricted in the days ahead. As a result, anyone who has been blacklisted for failing to repay a loan from one bank or financial institution will be unable to borrow from another.

Can a blacklisted person travel overseas in Nepal? ›

Commission spokesperson Mohna Ansari said those blacklisted will be barred from travelling abroad and denied social security and other state benefits.

How many times can we give trial in Nepal? ›

6 things you should need to know before going for retrial of driving license in TMO Office Nepal. If you fail a trial for a driving license, don't worry; you can reapply for the trial 3 times. In addition, you can give one retrail of driving license for the first time within 18 months of time.

How much money does a lawyer earn of Nepal? ›

The estimated salary for a Lawyer is NPR 200,000 per month in the Kathmandu, Nepal area.

How much does a lawyer earn in Nepal per month? ›

Salaries in the category: Law & Legislation. The gross salary range for people working in Nepal in Law & Legislation is typically from 21,155 NPR (minimum salary) to 59,904 NPR (highest average, actual maximum salary is higher).

What is the salary of lawyer in Nepal? ›

An Attorney in Nepal with a master's degree education can earn an average salary of 1,777,700 NPR. PhD. An Attorney in Nepal with a phd education can earn an average salary of 2,976,900 NPR.

Can you call a judge sir? ›

In person: In an interview, social event, or in court, address a judge as “Your Honor” or “Judge [last name].” If you are more familiar with the judge, you may call her just “Judge.” In any context, avoid “Sir” or “Ma'am.”

What is more powerful than a judge? ›

However, this article is going to let you in on a little-known secret: in the vast majority of cases, the prosecutor has more power over the outcome of a criminal case that the judge.

What is the highest rank of a judge? ›

The chief justice of the United States is the chief judge of the Supreme Court of the United States and is the highest-ranking officer of the U.S. federal judiciary.

Which Supreme Court judge female is famous? ›

Ruth Bader Ginsburg spent a lifetime flourishing in the face of adversity before being appointed a Supreme Court justice, where she successfully fought against gender discrimination and unified the liberal block of the court. She was born Joan Ruth Bader on March 15, 1933 in Brooklyn, New York.

Who is the first king of Nepal? ›

Prithvi Narayan Shah

Who was the 2nd female Supreme Court judge? ›

She was nominated by President Bill Clinton to replace retiring justice Byron White, and at the time was viewed as a moderate consensus-builder. Ginsburg was the first Jewish woman and the second woman to serve on the Court, after Sandra Day O'Connor.

How many judges can be on the Supreme Court? ›

The Constitution does not stipulate the number of Supreme Court Justices; the number is set instead by Congress. There have been as few as six, but since 1869 there have been nine Justices, including one Chief Justice.

How many Supreme Court judges exist? ›

Nine Justices make up the current Supreme Court: one Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices.

How many Supreme judges can there be? ›

Supreme Court Nominations

The Supreme Court is the Nation's highest court. Eight Associate Justices and one Chief Justice comprise the membership of the Court. Like all Federal judges, Supreme Court Justices serve lifetime appointments on the Court, in accordance with Article III of the United States Constitution.

Who are the 7 members of the Supreme Court? ›

Current Members
  • John G. Roberts, Jr., Chief Justice of the United States, ...
  • Clarence Thomas, Associate Justice, ...
  • Samuel A. Alito, Jr., Associate Justice, ...
  • Sonia Sotomayor, Associate Justice, ...
  • Elena Kagan, Associate Justice, ...
  • Neil M. Gorsuch, Associate Justice, ...
  • Brett M. Kavanaugh, Associate Justice,

Who approves Supreme Court Justices? ›

The president has the power to nominate the justices and appointments are made with the advice and consent of the Senate.

How does a case get to the Supreme Court? ›

Advancing through the Appellate Court

The more common way a case may reach the Supreme Court is through the lower appellate courts. These cases originate in the lower courts and work their way up the court system through appeals.

Which is the most powerful Supreme Court in the world? ›

Summary. The Indian Supreme Court has been called “the most powerful court in the world” for its wide jurisdiction, its expansive understanding of its own powers, and the billion plus people under its authority.

How many judges exist? ›

Number of judges

There are currently 870 authorized Article III judgeships: nine on the Supreme Court, 179 on the courts of appeals, 673 for the district courts and nine on the Court of International Trade.

How many black Supreme Court Justices are there? ›

United States Supreme Court
#JusticeEnded service
1Thurgood MarshallOctober 1, 1991
2Clarence ThomasIncumbent
3Ketanji Brown JacksonIncumbent

Can the president overturn a Supreme Court decision? ›

When the Supreme Court rules on a constitutional issue, that judgment is virtually final; its decisions can be altered only by the rarely used procedure of constitutional amendment or by a new ruling of the Court.

How old is the youngest PhD? ›

A rite of passage on Tuesday for a UC Davis student who may be the youngest ever PhD graduate. Tanishq Abraham just earned his doctorate in biomedical engineering and is only 19 years old. He was born and raised in Sacramento and graduated high school at age 10.

Who is the youngest female PhD? ›

D. scholar from the city has become the youngest person and also the first woman in India to be awarded a doctoral degree at the age of just 22 years. Hailing from Narayanaguda in the city Naina Jaiswal received her doctorate from Adikavi Nannaya University, Rajamahendravaram in the state of Andhra Pradesh.

What age was the youngest PhD? ›

The youngest person to be awarded a PhD is the German child prodigy Johann Heinrich Friedrich Karl Witte (born 10 July 1800; better known simply as Karl Witte), who received his doctorate from the University of Giessen, Germany, on 10 April 1814 at the age of 13 years 283 days.


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